A Hermeneutical Analysis on the Recognition of China as a Market Economy After 2016

Alberto Amaral Júnior, Aline Pereira de Carvalho Heringer


This article seeks to analyze the possibility of recognition of China as a market economy for purposes of antidumping investigations, especially in light of China's Protocol of Accession to the World Trade Organization (Protocol of Accession). It is assumed that with the extinction of Article 15(a)(ii) of the Protocol there shall be an automatic grant of market economy treatment to China from December 2016 on. In this article, we will analyze legal aspects and the debate over the possible interpretations of Article 15 of the Protocol of Accession, in view of China’s “sui generis” economical practices. In view of China’s relevant role and considering the economic dependence of WTO Members towards Chinese economy, this issue should be carefully evaluated by all interested WTO Members, most preferably within WTO Dispute Settlement Body.


International trade law, World Trade Organization, Antidumping Agreement, market economy, China.

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5102/rdi.v15i1.5053

ISSN 2236-997X (impresso) - ISSN 2237-1036 (on-line)

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