La responsabilidad penal de las empresas por graves violaciones de Derechos Humanos: práctica actual y desafíos futuros

Daniel Iglesias Márquez

Resumo


La vía penal, tanto en su vertiente internacional como nacional, constituye otro posible mecanismo judicial para responsabilizar a las empresas o, en su defecto, a los directivos o ejecutivos de las mismas por la vulneración de derechos humanos. La responsabilidad penal de las empresas es aún un tema controversial y adopta diversos enfoques en cada Estado. Por tanto, el Derecho penal ha recibido menos atención que otras vías y, en consecuencia, su potencial para responsabilizar a las empresas por sus impactos sociales y ambientales no ha sido suficientemente explorado. A partir del análisis de la práctica actual se examina el potencial y los obstáculos legales, políticos y prácticos a superarse para hacer efectiva la responsabilidad penal por los graves abusos de derechos humanos cometidos en el marco de las actividades globales de las empresas transnacionales.

Palavras-chave


Derecho penal; empresas y derechos humanos; violaciones de derechos humanos; tercer pilar de los Principios Rectores

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5102/rdi.v15i2.5353

ISSN 2236-997X (impresso) - ISSN 2237-1036 (on-line)

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