International Standards for Intellectual Property Rights Protection: A Reflection on Climate-friendly Technology Transfer

Jiang Jiani, Guihong Zhang, Can Wang

Resumo


An unsettled debate exists with regard to the role of intellectual property (IP) rights in international climate negotiation. This debate is based on premise that the international TRIPS Agreement set out minimum standards of protection, which presumably allow for unlimited extra protection. This study aims to address the question of whether a premise for minimum protection standards exists in the international IP system combined with climate-friendly technology transfer. First, the basic question of why international IP standards generate an impact on climate-friendly technology transfer is clarified. Second, three levels of arguments are applied to question this premise and examine the rationality of minimum protection standards. The three arguments are as follows: (1) Has TRIPS Agreement 1.1 provided unlimited minimal standards for IPR protection? (2) Is there no conflict between TRIPS Agreement-PLUS and the TRIPS Agreement? (3) How about the WTO dispute settlement panel report about this problem? The finding is that the dominant default policy, the IP protection standard, is the only minimum requirement in the case of uncertainty in legal provisions and practices. Therefore, the negative effects on the transfer of climate-friendly technology increase in terms of using flexible provision to promote import technologies. Third, this paper introduces China’s current Patent Law and its practice in response to climate-friendly technology transfer. Lastly, this paper provides suggestions with regard to the need for comprehensive and explicit protection standards in the context of climate-friendly technology transfer.

Texto completo:

PDF

Referências


AGENDA 21. United Nations Conference on Environment and Development. Rio de Janeiro, 1992.

AGREEMENT on Trade-Related Aspects ofIntellectual Property Rights (TRIPS). 1994.

BREWER, T. L. Climate change technology transfer: a new paradigm and policy agenda. 516. Climate Policy, 526, 2008.

CHINA. Measures affecting the protection and enforcement of intellectual property rights; WT/DS362/R, Report of the Panel. 115,116. 2009.

CHINA. Patent Law of The People’s Republic of China. 2010.

CIE, The Coalition for Innovation, Employment and Development. Joint resolution of BUSINESSEUROPE, IIPPF and the Global Intellectual Property Center on Climate Change, Technology and Intellectual Property Rights, 2009. Available at: .

CORREA, C. M. Innovation and technology transfer of environmentally sound technologies: the need to engage in a substantive debate. 54. Review of European Community & International Environmental Law, 61, 2013.

GAO Yongyi; CHEN Kenan; SHENG Anquan. International patent analysis of low-carbon technologies. 44. Science Focus, 50, 2011.

GERVAIS, D. J. The TRIPSTRIPS Agreement: drafting history and analysis. 3. ed. London: Sweet & Maxwell, 2008.

GILROY, J. M. Justice and nature: kantian philosophy, environmental policy and the law, 45. Washington, DC: Georgetown University Press, 2011.

GUATEMALA. Definitive anti-dumping measures on grey Portland cement from Mexico; 65 WT/DS156/R, Report of the Panel. 65. 2000.

HAŠČIČ, I. Climate policy and technological innovation and transfer: an overview of trends and recent empirical results. 12 OECD Publishing, 2010.

INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY PROTECTION IN CHINA. USTR said the FTA can be more integrated into the global trade in intellectual property standards. Available at:

KUR, A.; RUSE-KHAN, H. Grosse. Enough is enough: the notion of binding ceilings in international intellectual

property protection. Intellectual property in a fair world trade system: proposals for reform of TRIPS, 359. Edward Elgar Publishing Limited. 363, 2008.

MUSUNGU, S. F.; DUTFIELD, G. Multilateral Agreements and a TRIPS

AGREEMENT-plus world: the World Intellectual Property Organisation (WIPO). 26. Quaker United Nations Office (QUNO). 28. 2003.

RAMANUJAN, Adarsh. Conflicts over “conflict”: preventing fragmentation of international law. 1(1) 171. Trade L. & Dev., 191, 2009.

RUSE-KHAN, H. G. Time for a paradigm shift: exploring maximum standards in international intellectual property protection, 1. Trade L. & Dev., 56, 2009.

STATE INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY OFFICE OF THE PEOPLE’S REPUBLIC OF CHINA. Guidelines for Patent Examination 2010. 200. Intellectual Property Publishing House, 2010.

TAUBMAN, A. Rethinking TRIPS agreement: ‘adequate remuneration’ for non-voluntary patent licensing, 927. Journal ofInternational Economic Law, J.I.E.L, 970, 2008.

TWN, Third Word Network. UNFCCC technolog y committee debates IPR issue, 2013. Available at: .

UNDP. China, Remin University of China. China Human Development Report. 2009/10: China and a sustainable future: towards a low carbon economy and society. 46. Beijing: Zou Ji. Z.J, China Translation and Publishing Corporation; Gretchen Luchsinger, 2009.

UNITED NATIONS ENVIRONMENT

PROGRAMME(UNEP);EconomicsandTradeBranch; European PATENT OFFICE (EPO); International Centre for Trade and Sustainable Development (ICTSD). Patents and clean energ y: bridging the gap between evidence and policy: final report. Geneva, 2010.

UNITED NATIONS. Framework Convention on Climate Change, 1992.

WANG S-P; WANG C; XU Y-M. Intellectual property right and climate change, 16. Sciences Academic Press (in Chinese), 2013.

.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5102/rdi.v11i2.3070

ISSN 2236-997X (impresso) - ISSN 2237-1036 (on-line)

Desenvolvido por:

Logomarca da Lepidus Tecnologia