Chitinase and cellulase activity from Bacillus thuringiensis strains - doi: 10.5102/ucs.v7i1.974

Vinícius Fiúza Dumas, Clarissa S Goldenberg, Érica Soares Martins, Lílian Botelho Praça, Paulo Roberto Queiroz, Rose Gomes Monnerat, Francislete Rodrigues Melo

Resumo


The present study aimed to analyze the production of chitinase and cellulase enzymes by strains of Bacillus thuringiensis toxic to Spodoptera frugiperda and Anthonomus grandis larvae. In order to evaluate the relationship between cellular growth and the chitinase and cellulase production, in vitro assays were carried through with bacteria cultures grown for 16h, 24h, 48h and 72h. Chitinase and cellulase activity was determined by a colorimetric method. The amount of N-acetylglucosamine (GlcNAc) or its equivalent was measured by development of color in acid medium. All strains presented enzymatic production after 16h of cellular growth until 72h. However, a Kruskal-Wallis test detected no significant differences among the chitinase and cellulase activity during the cellular growth. According to these results, was not possible to associate chitinase and cellulose activity with the different level of toxicity of Bt strains against S. frugiperda and A. grandis larvae.

Palavras-chave


Bacillus thuringiensis. Quitinase. celulase. proteínas Cry.

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5102/ucs.v7i1.974

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ISSN 1678-5398 (impresso) - ISSN 1981-9730 (on-line) - e-mail: universitas.saude@uniceub.br

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